The 41 Counties (States) of Romania

Romania is administratively divided into 41 counties, each with its own distinct characteristics and cultural identity. Additionally, the country includes the Municipality of Bucharest, the capital and largest city, as a separate administrative unit. This division facilitates governance, local administration, and the implementation of policies tailored to the specific needs of each region.

Municipality of Bucharest

Bucharest, the vibrant capital of Romania, is a dynamic metropolis blending historic grandeur with modern energy. Known for its eclectic architecture, including the imposing Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest offers a lively cultural scene, diverse cuisine, and vibrant nightlife. Explore its museums, parks, and the unique charm of the “Little Paris of the East.”

Alba

Alba County is located in central Romania, boasting historical significance with medieval castles and cities. It is the home to Alba Iulia, a symbol of Romanian unity, and the ancient Dacian fortress Apulon. With picturesque landscapes, charming villages, and a mix of cultures, Alba County is a treasure trove of Romanian heritage.

Arad

Arad County, located in western Romania, is a blend of historical charm and modern development. Its capital, Arad City, boasts a rich historical background with iconic landmarks like the Arad Fortress. The region’s economic activities include agriculture, the automotive industry, and textile manufacturing, making it a bustling area for commerce.

Argeș

Argeș County is located in the southern central part of Romania, surrounded by captivating mountains and green valleys. It’s renowned for its rich history, containing ancient monasteries, fortified churches, and fascinating landmarks like the Curtea de Arges Cathedral and the ruins of Poenari Castle, famously connected to Vlad the Impaler. The county’s capital, Pitesti, is an industrial hub with a blend of tradition and modernity.

Bacău

Bacău County is situated in eastern Romania, hosting Bacau City, its capital. This region, in the historical province of Moldavia, features beautiful natural landscapes like the Bistrita River and Nemira Mountains. The county’s cultural landmarks include the Precista Church and Mount Magura Heroes Monument. It also has robust sectors in textile, food, and construction.

Bihor

Bihor County, in northwestern Romania, enchants visitors with its diverse allure. Breathtaking landscapes, including the Apuseni Mountains and historic gems like Oradea’s Baroque architecture, create a captivating blend. This vibrant county showcases a rich cultural tapestry and warm hospitality, making Bihor a delightful destination for exploration and discovery.

Bistrița-Năsăud

Bistrița-Năsăud County is located in the north-central part of Romania. It is a picturesque region with scenic hills and mountains, like the Rodna Mountains. Bistrita, its capital city, has notable medieval architecture. The county is also famous for its wooden churches and rich traditions in handicrafts and folk art.

Botoșani

Botoșani County, situated in northeastern Romania, captivates with its tranquil beauty and cultural heritage. The county seat, Botoșani, reflects a rich history through its well-preserved architecture. Surrounded by picturesque landscapes and dotted with historic landmarks, Botoșani County is a serene destination inviting exploration and a connection with Romania’s past.

Brașov

Brașov County, located in the central part of Romania, is known for its breathtaking Carpathian mountain landscape, rich cultural heritage, and medieval architecture. Home to the iconic Bran Castle and the picturesque city of Brasov, this region offers a perfect blend of history, nature, and vibrant culture. Its diverse wildlife and ski resorts attract tourists globally.

Brăila

Brăila County, situated in eastern Romania, invites exploration with its rich historical legacy and Danube River charm. The city of Braila boasts an impressive waterfront and architectural landmarks. The county’s cultural tapestry, coupled with the serene river views, creates a distinctive experience for those seeking a unique Romanian adventure.

Buzău

Buzău County, located in the historical region of Muntenia, Romania, is famed for its picturesque landscapes and vineyards. Home to a rich cultural heritage, the region’s main attractions include the Muddy Volcanoes and Amber Museum. The Berca Mud Volcanoes are a renowned geological and botanical reservation. The city of Buzău reflects a blend of tradition and modernity, featuring notable landmarks like the Communal Palace.

Caraș-Severin

Caraș-Severin County is situated in southwestern Romania, bordering Serbia. Known for its diverse, scenic landscapes, the county is rich in national parks, including Semenic-Cheile Carasului and Nera Gorges-Beusnita. It is home to historic landmarks like the Bigar Waterfall and Decebal’s Statue. Traditional crafts and industries thrive here.

Călărași

Călărași County, situated in southeastern Romania, charms with its serene landscapes and cultural heritage. The county seat, Călărași, reveals a blend of historical landmarks and modern vitality. From the Danube River’s tranquility to charming rural areas, Călărași County provides a peaceful escape, inviting exploration of Romania’s lesser-known treasures.

Cluj

Cluj County is a historical region situated in Transylvania, Romania. Known for its diverse landscape, it comprises beautiful mountains, mesmerizing plains, and picturesque villages. The capital, Cluj-Napoca, is an academic and cultural hub famous for historical monuments, lively cafes, and the largest music festival in Romania, Untold.

Constanța

Constanta County, located in the Dobrogea region of Romania, is renowned for its stunning Black Sea coastline. The county seat, Constanța, boasts ancient landmarks like the Roman Mosaic Building and the Casino. Known as a crucial transport hub, it features Constanta city, one of the largest ports in Europe. The county is a tourist hotspot due to its rich historical sites and resort towns like Mamaia.

Covasna

Covasna County is a culturally diverse region in central Romania known for its stunning landscapes and unique Hungarian influences. Covasna is dotted with charming villages and famous mineral springs, making it a tranquil destination for nature lovers and spa enthusiasts alike.

Dâmbovița

Dâmbovița County, situated north-west of Bucharest, boasts a diverse landscape blending urban vibrancy with rural beauty. Its capital, Târgoviște, exudes historical charm with landmarks like the Chindia Tower. Dâmbovița County embraces a dynamic economy, cultural richness, and a unique blend of tradition and modernity.

Dolj

Dolj County, in southwestern Romania, is characterized by fertile plains and vibrant urban centers like Craiova. The county resonates with historical significance, featuring landmarks such as the Metropolitan Cathedral. Dolj seamlessly combines agricultural heritage with a modern, dynamic atmosphere, making it a captivating destination.

Galați

Galați County, along the Danube River in eastern Romania, stands out as an industrial and cultural hub. The city of Galați, with its maritime charm, anchors the county. Galați County unfolds historical treasures and welcomes visitors with a dynamic energy, picturesque landscapes, and a rich cultural heritage.

Giurgiu

Giurgiu County, located on Romania’s southern border along the Danube, is steeped in history with Ottoman influences. The city of Giurgiu boasts notable landmarks like the Clock Tower. Giurgiu County combines riverside tranquility with a unique cultural legacy, inviting exploration into its historical and architectural heritage.

Gorj

Gorj County is located in the southwestern region of Romania. Its capital is Târgu Jiu, home to Constantin Brâncuși’s renowned Endless Column. The county is known for its coal mines, hydropower stations, forests, and diverse cultural history. It also hosts the yearly Ancestors’ Holiday folklore festival.

Harghita

Harghita County is found in central Romania in the region of Transylvania. The majority of the population are Szeklers, a Hungarian-speaking ethnic group. Known for its scenic mountains, thermal springs, and mineral waters, it’s a great spot for winter sports and relaxation.

Hunedoara

Hunedoara County, in western Romania, boasts the iconic Corvin Castle, a medieval gem. Surrounded by the Retezat Mountains, the county offers both historical richness and natural splendor. Deva, the capital, stands as a gateway to the county’s diverse attractions, making Hunedoara an enticing destination.

Ialomița

Ialomița County, situated in the historical region of Muntenia in eastern Romania, is named after the Ialomița River that runs through it. It has a rural character, with farming and vineyards as major economic sectors. The county capital, Slobozia, features landmarks like the Voda Church. The County is also known for the Ialomita Cave in the Bucegi Mountains.

Iași

Iași County is in the northeastern part of Romania. It’s one of the country’s historical and cultural hubs. The county’s capital, Iasi City, is home to Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, the oldest Romanian University. Iași County’s blend of history, vibrant cultural life, and architectural beauty make it a captivating destination in the Moldavian region.

Ilfov

Ilfov County, surrounding Romania’s capital, Bucharest, is a dynamic region blending urban and rural lifestyles. As Bucharest’s suburban hub, Ilfov offers a mix of residential areas, commercial zones, and natural landscapes. Home to important economic activities, Ilfov County serves as a vibrant complement to the bustling energy of Bucharest.

Maramureș

Maramureș County in northern Romania is known for its traditional wooden churches, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and the Merry Cemetery in Săpânța. Maramureș County’s picturesque landscapes, lively festivals, traditional clothing, and folklore make it a unique and enchanting destination.

Mehedinți

Mehedinți County is in the southwestern region of Romania and is famous for its impressive geological structures, such as caves and gorges. It houses the Iron Gates, a beautiful gorge on the Danube River. The county’s capital, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, holds historical significance. The region boasts diverse flora and fauna, offering visitors splendid biodiversity experiences.

Mureș

Mureș County in the central part of Romania offers a blend of Hungarian and Romanian cultures. Târgu Mureș, the county seat, is famous for its remarkable Baroque architecture. Mureș County combines historical landmarks with picturesque landscapes, offering a unique experience in the heart of Transylvania.

Neamț

Neamț County in northeastern Romania unfolds with historic charm and natural beauty. The county’s capital, Piatra Neamț, boasts landmarks like the Neamț Citadel. Agapia Monastery and the unique wooden churches provide insights into the county’s cultural heritage. This region also has vast landscapes, rich in wildlife, and a haven for hikers and nature lovers.

Olt

Olt County, in southern Romania, combines historical resonance with natural beauty. Slatina, its capital, features landmarks like the Holy Trinity Cathedral. This region is famous for its archaeological sites, the Dacian fortress of Sucidava, and many medieval churches. Olt County is rich in cultural and historical heritage and is known for agriculture, with grains as the main crop.

Prahova

Prahova County, near Bucharest, is a scenic region known for the Bucegi Mountains and the famed Peleș Castle in Sinaia. The county capital, Ploiești, is an important industrial center specifically for oil production. Prahova County offers a compelling mix of nature, history, and cultural landmarks.

Satu Mare

Satu Mare County is located in the northwest part of Romania, with the county seat as Satu Mare City. This county, well-known for its architectural and historical attractions, is home to many ethnicities. Its rural charm, wildlife reserves, and folk traditions draw both domestic and foreign tourists.

Sălaj

Sălaj County, in northwestern Romania, is captivating with its picturesque landscapes and medieval charm. Zalău, the county seat, features landmarks like the Gothic-style Reformed Church. Sălaj County’s rural tranquility and historical depth make it a delightful destination for those seeking a slower-paced exploration. The area boasts a variety of cultural and historical sites, such as the Porolissum, a Daco-Roman historical complex.

Sibiu

Sibiu County, located in central Romania, radiates medieval charm with its well-preserved architecture. The old city center of Sibiu, the County´s Capital, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. The county unfolds with the Transylvanian beauty of the Carpathians. Sibiu’s cultural richness, showcased in the Brukenthal National Museum, and the enchanting landscapes make it a captivating destination.

Suceava

Suceava County, in northeastern Romania, boasts a rich historical tapestry. The city of Suceava, with its medieval fortress, reflects this heritage. The region boasts stunning views of the Carpathian Mountains and offers great trekking routes, becoming a favorite among nature and history enthusiasts.

Teleorman

Teleorman County, found in the southern region of Romania, is primarily agricultural land due to the fertile soils of the Danube Plain. Alexandria, the county seat, serves as a cultural and administrative hub. Teleorman County invites visitors to experience its rural charm, explore historical sites, and appreciate the simplicity of its agrarian traditions.

Timiș

Timiș County is situated in the western part of Romania, bordering Serbia and Hungary. The county seat, Timișoara, is renowned as the birthplace of the 1989 Romanian Revolution. Timiș boasts charming villages, picturesque landscapes, and a thriving economy. Its multicultural heritage is reflected in its vibrant traditions and architectural landmarks. It’s also recognized for agriculture, particularly wheat and corn production.

Tulcea

Tulcea County is situated in Eastern Romania, encompassing most of the Danube Delta. This UNESCO Biosphere Reserve boasts extensive biodiversity, attracting many bird watchers and wildlife enthusiasts. Traditional fishing villages and Byzantine ruins further enrich its cultural heritage and history. The city of Tulcea is a gateway to this ecological paradise, inviting exploration of nature’s wonders and traditional local communities.

Vaslui

Vaslui County is located in the eastern region of Romania. The city of Vaslui is the county`s capital. Vaslui County encompasses diverse landscapes and cultural heritage, offering a journey through time and tradition in the Moldavian region.

Vâlcea

Vâlcea County, in southern Romania, is a blend of scenic beauty and historical depth. Râmnicu Vâlcea, the county seat, features architectural gems like the Archdiocesan Cathedral. Surrounded by the Carpathians, Vâlcea County invites exploration of both natural wonders and cultural treasures.

Vrancea

Vrancea County, in eastern Romania, unfolds with a mix of picturesque landscapes and historical significance. The city of Focșani, known for its wine culture, adds charm to the region. Vrancea County invites visitors to explore its diverse heritage, from fortified churches to the beauty of the Siret River.

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